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CRAP Test

Resource Evaluation
Is It CRAP?

Currency: Is the information recent enough for your topic?

  • When was this information published?
  • Is there a copyright or last updated date?
  • Does the website contain broken links?


Relevance: Does the information meet your information needs?

  • Is it a primary or secondary source?
  • Does all of the information apply to your topic or only some of it?
  • Is the information general or detailed?
  • Is the information balanced or biased?
  • Can you find the same or better information in another source?


Authority: Who authored this information?

  • Was it a single person or several people?
  • Was it a corporation or organization?
  • Are credentials provided?
  • Can you figure out what makes this author an expert in this area?
  • What is the author/publisher’s reputation or expertise?


Purpose: Why does this information exist?

  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information intended to inform, persuade, sell, entertain, etc.?
  • Is the resource affiliated with an organization that has a particular
  • political or social agenda?
  • Does the author/publisher stand to benefit from distribution of this
  • information?